2003 Poverty Research Grants: Poverty and Health

For 2003, our Poverty Research Grants program focused on funding research that will broaden our understanding of the linkages between poverty and health status. The NPC funded 5 proposals in 2003.

Our grant recipients will be presenting their work at the NPC Conference on Poverty and Health, July 20-21, 2004 in Ann Arbor Michigan.

 

Overview

The intersection between health policies and anti-poverty policies is of great interest to the NPC and to our funders at ASPE.

Poverty can be both a cause and consequence of adverse health. Poverty is associated with reduced rates of insurance coverage, with reduced access to health services, and with reduced utilization of health services among individuals with health insurance coverage.

Independent of health coverage and health services receipt, poverty is associated with heightened incidence of cardiovascular disease, homicide and accidental injury, and other adverse health outcomes throughout the life course. Acute or chronic illness is an obstacle to economic self-sufficiency.

Programs such as Medicaid that finance, facilitate, or provide health care services are central to the well-being of many low-income individuals. At the same time, policy initiatives such as the 1996 welfare reform may have important consequences for the health of current and former TANF recipients.

The 2003 Poverty Research Grants funded five projects, each of which will examine an aspect of the complex relationship between poverty and health. Follow the links below to read the project descriptions or final papers.

Funded research

Gail G. Harrison, UCLA School of Public Health. Read “Impact of Poverty and Household Food Insecurity on the Use of Preventive Medical Services in the CA Health Interview Survey.”

Leigh Ann White, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Read “Effects of Psychological Distress on Employment Transitions Among Low-Income Women.”

Jennifer Malat, University of Cincinnati. Hyun Joo Oh, Resource Development Associates. "Poverty Experience, Race, and Child Health." Forthcoming in Public Health Reports.

Colleen M. Heflin, University of Kentucky. James P. Ziliak, University of Kentucky. Read “Does Food Stamp Receipt Mediate the Relationship Between Food Insufficiency and Mental Health?”

Kelly Noonan, Rider University. Hope Corman, Rider University. Nancy E. Reichman, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. “The Effect of Poor Infant Health on the Labor Force Participation and Public Assistance of Women in ‘Fragile Families.’”